THANKSGIVING HISTORY

Thanksgiving is a holiday in the United States.
It is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November.
This year Thanksgiving was celebrated on November 26th.

The holiday dates back to 1621.
In October of that year, the first harvest was in.
And the Pilgrims had a three-day feast.
There were 53 (fifty-three) Pilgrims and 90 (ninety) Native Americans, or Indians, at the “First Thanksgiving.”

Indians had helped the Pilgrims, and the Pilgrims had enough food for the winter.
They were happy and grateful.

Today Native Americans are not happy, and they are not grateful to the Americans.
There is nothing for them to be happy about.
And there is nothing for them to be grateful for

FILL IN THE BLANKS

Thanksgiving is a____________________ in the United States.

It is ____________________on the fourth Thursday of November.

This year Thanksgiving was ____________________on November 26th.

The holiday dates ____________________1621.

In October of that year, the first ____________________was in.

And the Pilgrims had a three-day ____________________.

There were 53 (fifty-three) Pilgrims and 90 (ninety) Native Americans, or Indians, at the ____________________.

Indians had ____________________the Pilgrims, and the Pilgrims had ____________________food for the winter.

They were happy and ____________________.

Today Native Americans are not ____________________, and they are not____________________ to the Americans.
There is nothing for them to be___________________________  ______________
And there is nothing for them to be ________________________________  _________

ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS

When is Thanksgiving celebrated in the US?_________________________________________.

When was Thanksgiving celebrated this year?_________________________________________.

What year does the holiday date back to?_________________________________________.

In October of that year, the first harvest was in, wasn’t it? _________________________________________.

And the Pilgrims had a three-day feast, didn’t they? _________________________________________.

How many Pilgrims were there at the “First Thanksgiving“?_________________________________________.

How many Native Americans were there at the “First Thanksgiving”?_________________________________________.

Indians had helped the Pilgrims, hadn’t they? _________________________________________.

And the Pilgrims had enough food for the winter, didn’t they? _________________________________________.

The Pilgrims were happy and grateful, weren’t they? _________________________________________.

Are Native Americans happy today? _________________________________________.

Are they grateful to the Americans? _________________________________________.

There is nothing for them to be happy about, is there? _________________________________________.

There is nothing for them to be grateful for, is there?_________________________________________.

 

VOCABULARY

Thanksgiving [ˌθæŋks’gɪvɪŋ] / Thanksgiving Day День благодарения

holiday праздник

celebrate [‘seləbreɪt] v. праздновать the holiday is celebrated in November этот праздник отмечают в ноябре

date [deɪt] back to v. относиться к, датироваться: The holiday dates back to 1621. Этот праздник уходит корнями в 1621 г.

feast [fiːst] пир: to have a feast устроить праздничную трапезу; to feast пировать

harvest [‘hɑːvɪst] урожай: to harvest corn собирать урожай кукурузы

in в; the harvest is in урожай собран, разг;

enough [ɪ’nʌf] достаточно, довольно: to have enough food иметь еды в достатке

grateful [‘greɪtf(ə)l]/[‘greɪtful] благодарный: to be grateful

American [ə’merɪkən] американский; американец, американка: the Americans американцы

US [ˌjuː’es] = United States [juːˌnaɪtɪd’steɪts] in the US / in the United States

Pilgrim [‘pɪlgrɪm] амер.; ист. первый колонист: the Pilgrims

Native [‘neɪtɪv] American, представитель коренного населения Америки (американский индеец)

Indian [‘ɪndɪən] американский индеец (в настоящее время слово считается неполиткорректным)

 

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